Women’s involvement in energy supply chains has advantages for the acceleration of access to modern energy services, for the women involved and for their families. In energy supply roles in rural communities, women perform as well as men and in some cases even outperform them. Opening up the prospects of business and jobs in a traditionally male-dominated sector to women, supports gender equality, but it frequently requires challenging gender norms. Conversations and actions to address inhibiting social norms are needed to increase inclusive and equal opportunities. This policy brief’s insights come from ENERGIA’s research programme on gender and energy.